Supporting Phonological Awareness
"Phonological awareness is a broad skill that includes identifying and manipulating units of oral language – parts such as words, syllables, and onsets and rimes. Phonemic awareness refers to the specific ability to focus on and manipulate individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Phonemes are the smallest unit of sound within words.
Phonemic awareness has a direct and significant effect on learning to read and spell.
Phonological awareness is a broad term used for all things related to the sounds of spoken language. Phonological awareness is entirely oral, and forms the building blocks for later reading before print is even introduced.
When considering how to teach phonological awareness, it can be helpful to think about moving students along a continuum of skills—from simplest to most complex."